arts & Crafts Style Millwork Supplier

“Arts & Crafts” is not so much a style as an umbrella term for an approach to design and living. It encompasses such style genres as Mission Revival, Stickley-related Craftsman, Midwestern Prairie School, California Bungalow, and English design from William Morris...

Accoya Approved Manufacturer VA

We have been using Accoya Acetylated wood for exterior applications since it's introduction into the United States market in 2012. Acetylated wood stands truer and weather's better - read the acdemic articles below to start your education for specifiying the...

Accoya Wood Window Builder VA

Windows made of Accoya Acetylated Wood In the heart of the Blue Ridge Mountains craftsmanship meets innovation in the form of Solid Wood windows made at Gepetto of Accoya Acetylated Wood.  Your new windows will stand as a testament to old world historic quality and...

Project Portfolio

Project PortfolioHistoric Preservation Celebrating 15 years in 2024!In Progress 2024Residence 0000 Monumant Avenue - Richmond VA Window Preservation ServicesJV Martin School - Dillon SC Supplying Old Window Restoration ServicesWilliam FOX Elementary RVA ~2024William...

Historically Accurate Wooden Shutters

Handmade Wooden Shutters are a fixture in Virginia Historic Preservation Gepetto has specific tooling and craftsmen to supply historic renovationAccurate Materials and Technique restore with integrity to the core. Historic preservation supplier for millwork, doors,...

Craftsman Style HomE Millwork

The term “craftsman” is most commonly associated with the American furniture designer Gustav Stickley. He popularized the concepts of handcrafted, functional design in his magazine, “The Craftsman.” Craftsman-style homes gained popularity in newly developing cities in the Midwest and West Coast, inspiring new movements such as the Bungalow, Prairie School, and Mission Revival styles. The craftsman’s style’s simplicity and practicality had a broad appeal, so it spread widely across cities all over the United States and is still popular today. Contemporary home designs often incorporate architectural elements that are reminiscent of craftsman style, even though many of them are not strictly craftsman-style.

Rustic Aesthetic REal wood Manufacturer

Gepetto Millworks in Richmond, Virginia, excels in creating custom wood furniture, accentuating Rustic, Country Chic, and farmhouse styles. Popular across Virginia, these aesthetics are cherished for their warmth and connection to nature. Gepetto provides tailored services to design architects, focusing on species, placement, and affordability. Their handcrafted millwork is perfect for modern homes, restaurants, and offices, blending historic charm with durability. They repurpose wood from dilapidated Virginia barns, infusing interiors with character. Custom restaurant furnishings emphasize natural wood, while office spaces mix vintage and contemporary with personalized carpentry. Gepetto’s dedication to craftsmanship and client collaboration elevates spaces with timeless design and comfort.

circular architectural wood elements turned on a lathe

The art of turning wood on a lathe to create circular architectural elements is a blend of tradition, craftsmanship, and aesthetic vision. This practice, integral to woodworking and architecture, has evolved over centuries, adapting to changing styles and...

Wood has been an integral part of architectural construction throughout history, particularly in the construction of historic homes in Virginia. From the elegant symmetry of Georgian architecture to the refined simplicity of Federal design and the artisanal charm of Craftsman homes, the use of wooden building materials has played a significant role. In this exploration, we delve into the wooden building materials that define these architectural styles, highlighting their significance and the relevant architectural millwork terms associated with them.

Georgian Architecture (1760-1820)

Georgian architecture, prominent in Virginia from the mid-18th century, is characterized by its symmetry, proportion, and classical details. The wooden building materials used in Georgian homes reflect the grandeur and sophistication of the style.

Clapboard Siding: One of the most common exterior siding materials in Georgian homes, clapboard siding consists of long, narrow wooden boards overlapping horizontally. This siding provides durability and weather resistance while contributing to the architectural symmetry.

Sash Windows: Featuring multiple panes of glass divided by wooden muntins, sash windows are typical in Georgian architecture. These windows often incorporate architectural millwork terms such as sills, sashes, and glazing bars, enhancing both functionality and aesthetic appeal.

Crown Molding: Crown molding, also known as cornice molding, adorns the junction between walls and ceilings, adding elegance and visual interest to Georgian interiors. Its intricate profiles, including dentil molding and egg-and-dart motifs, demonstrate the craftsmanship of the period.

Federal Architecture (1780-1820)

Federal architecture emerged during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, characterized by its refined simplicity and emphasis on symmetry and proportion. Wooden building materials in Federal homes exhibit a blend of neoclassical elements and delicate detailing.

Pilasters: Wooden pilasters, often flanking doorways and windows, are key features of Federal architecture. These vertical columns, with their flat, rectangular profiles and subtle ornamentation, impart a sense of classical elegance to facades.

Fanlights: Above entry doors, fanlights featuring intricate wooden tracery became popular in Federal homes. These semi-circular or elliptical windows, adorned with delicate wooden mullions and glazing bars, illuminate interiors while adding decorative flair.

Wainscoting: Interior wainscoting, comprising wooden panels applied to the lower portion of walls, is a characteristic feature of Federal design. Raised or recessed paneling, often accompanied by chair rails and baseboards, contributes to the architectural refinement of rooms.

Craftsman Architecture (1905-1930)

Craftsman architecture, a reaction against the ornate styles of the late 19th century, emerged in the early 20th century with an emphasis on craftsmanship, natural materials, and simplicity. Wooden building materials in Craftsman homes reflect a commitment to artisanal quality and organic beauty.

Shingle Siding: Craftsman homes frequently feature exterior walls clad in shingle siding, showcasing the natural texture and warmth of wood. These handcrafted wooden shingles, often left unpainted to weather gracefully, contribute to the rustic charm of Craftsman architecture.

Exposed Beams: Interior spaces in Craftsman homes often boast exposed wooden beams, highlighting the structural integrity and craftsmanship of the building. These beams, typically crafted from sturdy hardwoods such as oak or maple, add character and visual interest to ceilings.

Built-in Cabinetry: Craftsman interiors often incorporate built-in wooden cabinetry, reflecting the movement’s emphasis on functionality and simplicity. These custom cabinets, featuring clean lines, solid construction, and handcrafted details, provide both storage solutions and architectural focal points.

In the evolution of architectural styles in Virginia from the Georgian period through the Federal era to the Craftsman movement, wooden building materials have remained central to the construction and character of historic homes. From clapboard siding and sash windows in Georgian architecture to pilasters and fanlights in Federal design, and from shingle siding and exposed beams in Craftsman homes, these materials embody the craftsmanship, elegance, and enduring beauty of Virginia’s architectural heritage. Understanding the architectural millwork terms associated with these wooden elements enhances appreciation for the rich history and craftsmanship preserved within these historic homes.